Sound localization and lateralization refers to the ability of a child or adult to

know where a sound has occurred in space. This is an important survival skill;

localization is used to identify a source of sound, like a moving vehicle or barking dog.


Auditory discrimination refers to the ability to distinguish one sound from

another. The term is most often used for distinguishing speech sounds, such as phoneme

/p/ from phoneme /b/.


Auditory pattern recognition refers to the ability to determine similarities and

differences in patterns of sounds.


Temporal aspects of auditory processing refers to the ability to sequence sounds,

integrate a sequence of sounds into words or other meaningful combinations, and

perceive sounds as separate when they quickly follow one another.


Auditory performance decrements refers to the ability to perceive speech or other

sounds when another signal is present. The other signal might be noise or another similar

speech signal, and the competing signal might be soft or loud.


Auditory performance with degraded acoustic signals refers to the ability to

perceive a signal in which some of the information is missing. A degraded signal might

be one where p

arts of the sound spectrum have been deleted, the highest or lowest

frequency components of the sound are removed, or where the sound is compressed in


Go to, click on "Auditory Processing", then "Filter" to practice listening activities.


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